Cabbage - the key to a healthy body. And today you will learn how to grow curly kale cabbage from seeds, what kind of vegetable care is needed and how to keep it at home.
What is cabbage kale and how it is useful
Cabbage Kale - a type of species garden cabbage, possesses useful properties. More commonly known as grunkol or braunkol. The vegetable has no head, and the leaves have lace laces of green color.
Grunkol contains a large amount of minerals and vitamins A, C, K, PP, B6, B2, B1. 200 g of vegetable is the daily dose of protein. Braunkol is used for the prevention of eye diseases, for general immunity, for obesity and for weight loss.
Important! Braunkol should not be used by people suffering from diseases of the stomach and intestines.
Features of cultivation of cabbage kale from seeds in open ground
Grunkol does not tolerate transplantation, therefore cultivation of kale cabbage from seeds begins in an open area.
Optimum terms for sowing in soil
Braunhol cabbage seeds sown in april. Crop harvested 70-95 days after sowing. More effective landing braunkol at soil temperature of 5 ° C.
Selection and preparation of space on the site
For grunkol need sunny place. It can be planted in the field of early planting of pumpkin, legumes and solanaceous crops. It is better not to plant the plant on sandy or clay soil, as this will spoil the taste and reduce the yield level.
Ground must be level pH up to 6.8. If the level is lower, it is better to fertilize the soil with sour compost. If above - the land should be mixed with granulated sulfur.
Important! It is better to avoid low-lying places prone to flooding.
For landing you need to make a raised bed.
Sowing the seeds in the ground: the pattern and depth
Let's talk about the scheme of planting cabbage cabbage in open ground. The beds should be at a distance of 30 × 15.
Planting begin with the preparation of the beds. The holes must be dug to a depth of 1.5 cm. Then seeds are sown in them, a little humus is introduced into each and covered with a film.
Cabbage is known for its diversity: in the garden you can grow white, cauliflower, Savoy, Brussels, Peking, kohlrabi, broccoli.
Cabbage Care Tips
To obtain a high yield of kale cabbage, it is necessary to provide the vegetable crop with proper care. We will discuss this in the following sections.
Do I need shelter
After landing - be sure to. The plant must acclimatize. Cabbage is considered a heat-loving vegetable, but many sunshine will not benefit her. Thin agrofibre will protect the plant from pests and burns.
How to conduct watering
It is necessary to water the grunkol as the topsoil dries. For this you need to use 30 liters of water per square meter. After that, watering is carried out in the second half of May and early June. At 1 square meter make 25 liters of water.
Important! Do not flood the plant if you do not want its roots to rot.
As soon as you have finished planting kale cabbage, weeds will appear in a couple of weeks. It is necessary to remove not only the plant, but also their roots.
Weeding will help you in the difficult struggle with pest plants. This will slow the growth of weeds. Young plants can simply be pulled out, since it is easier to fight them than with adults.
There is also a trick. Plots that have not been cultivated can be covered with cardboard boxes. Weeds will not grow in the area.
Loosening and soil hilling
As soon as the grunkol grows to 25 cm, it is necessary to spud. And to prevent infection of cabbage root rot, it is better to loosen the soil.
The role of mulch
When the vegetable reaches 15 cm in height, they mulch the soil, which protects it from rotting and discoloration of the leaves. It will also help to maintain a constant soil moisture for the growing vegetable.
Did you know? Until the end of the Middle Ages, cabbage kale was considered the most common vegetable in Europe.
Fertilize braunkol need every 6-8 weeks. You can use potassium or ammonium nitrate. They can be replaced by other mineral fertilizers.
Pest and disease protection
The main pests of the plant are cabbage fly, slugs, cabbage moth, aphid and whitegrass.
Cabbage fly damages the roots of plants, especially early varieties. The most important thing to protect the vegetable from this parasite is to observe crop rotation.
The next pest is slug.
They appear in warm weather, especially if the vegetables are often watered. They feed on succulent foliage or cover them with mucus. It is necessary to struggle with them agrotechnically: to cultivate the soil (remove weeds), to fence vegetables with the help of grooves in which ground pepper or ashes fall asleep. You can also try chemical drugs ("Thunderstorm" or "Meta"), but they should be used exclusively on the slug.
Cabbage scoop. The pest caterpillars gnaw more openings on the upper parts of the leaves. To prevent mass destruction, we recommend digging the soil.
Cabbage aphid eats vegetable juice. They live on the underside of the leaves, which eventually become pale and deformed. You can get rid of them "Karbofos", "Seyfos" or "Pyrethrium". These drugs are effective, but they harm the plant itself. It is better to prepare a weak and warm solution of household soap and treat affected vegetables with it. Whitefish caterpillars, or cabbage-eaters, feed on the leaves of plants, and butterflies drink nectar. First of all you need to remove spring flowering weeds. Cabbage eggs laying must also be destroyed. You can also use biological agents, such as "Baksin" or "Dendrobatsillin."
Did you know? Some varieties of braungol are used as an ornamental plant.
Not once was it noticed that Braunkol is damaged black leg mucous bacteriosis and downy mildew.
The causative agent of the black leg is a fungus. It affects plants at the germ stage. For the prevention of black legs in the soil make colloidal sulfur and potassium permanganate.
The next disease is mucous bacteriosis. The causative agent is the bacterium Pectobacterium carotovorum.
Wet rot spreads on the covering leaves. On them there are spots with an unpleasant smell. After some time, the rot spreads to the whole cabbage, and the plant dies.
To prevent disease, you need to use the drug "Binoram" before planting or spray the plants at the first symptoms of "sores".
Perinospora or downy mildew damages any sowing culture. At first, yellow oily spots of a round shape appear on the infected plant, which grow and coalesce. In a short period of time, a vegetable or fruit may die.
You can protect the plant from peronosporoza preventive methods - it is necessary to conduct annual thorough cleaning of the site and remove the affected plants. They are best burned after collection. Be sure to follow the crop rotation.
Find out what is good for the health of cabbage varieties: broccoli, kohlrabi, Savoy, Peking.
Harvesting and storage of the crop
Cabbage harvest can begin collect on day 95 after sowing, and 75 days after picking to a permanent place. Vegetable should reach 20 cm in height. Overripe cabbage leaves are hard and not very tasty. However, if you missed the moment of harvesting, you can fry and stew the leaves, and the fresher and younger ones are better sent to salads.
You can store them in the freezer, chopped. In the refrigerator, they lie for up to three days, as then the leaves begin to wilt.
Did you know? The best, soft and tasty leaves appear when growing Russian varieties of feces.
Now that you know how to grow cabbage kale, you can safely buy seeds in order to provide yourself with a storehouse of vitamins for the winter. By following our instructions, you will get a good harvest.